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Knowledge and Understanding

Knowledge and Understanding of the World

History, Geography, and Design and Technology and are taught through topic at Almondsbury Primary School, enabling children to develop their knowledge and understanding of the world. We refer to this as KUW. We use termly themes which allow children to explore topics in more detail, linking their historical and geographical understanding to other curriculum areas such as English and Science. Children are therefore exposed to a thorough and all-encompassing approach to these subjects which engages and inspires their learning.


The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Know and understand the history of Great Britain as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day. The children learn how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world.
  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world, such as ancient civilisations, characteristic features of past non-European societies and achievements of mankind.
  • Gain and deploy a historically-grounded understanding of abstract themes and subject specific terminology.
  • Understand historical concepts which allow them to compare and contrast significant events and eras.
  • Understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is gathered and used to make historical claims.
  • Make connections between local, national and international history and culture.


The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop knowledge of the location of places, seas and oceans, including their defining physical and human characteristics.
  • Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world.
  • Are competent in the use of geographical skills such as field work, map reading and data analysis.

Design & Technology

The national curriculum for design and technology aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop the creative, technical and practical expertise needed to perform everyday tasks confidently and to participate successfully in an increasingly technological world.
  • Build and apply a repertoire of knowledge, understanding and skills in order to design and make high-quality prototypes and products for a wide range of users.
  • Critique, evaluate and test their ideas and products and the work of others.
  • Understand and apply the principles of nutrition and learn how to cook.


The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop scientific knowledge and understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.
  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them.
  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

Teaching and Organisation

KUW subjects are taught on a two yearly cycle. Children receive cross-curricular sessions for History, Geography and DT on a weekly basis, centring around their topic. Science is then taught discretely for an afternoon a week. This enables the children to make strong connections between their understanding while still fully developing their scientific, historical and geographical skills.